"Flight simulator research carried out at NASA inspired the invention of an innovative feedback video game device used to help people with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).
The feedback video game concept evolved from a physiologically adaptive simulator system developed by NASA to keep pilots alert and avoid the inattention that stems from the often monotonous task of piloting a vehicle and can lead to accidents. Using their knowledge of neuroplasticity, the brain's ability to adapt to new skill sets, researchers realized that, pilots could actually train themselves to stay focused and engaged.
Further improvements in this technology resulted in the Play Attention Body Wave system, which consists of an interface unit with a receiver that plugs directly into a personal computer, an interactive multimedia manual on CD-ROM, all the necessary software and, as an extra step, personal training. The interface unit fits comfortably on the wearer's arm. Small sensors embedded in the padding contact the skin and transmit continuous feedback to the computer and allow the wearer to control actions on the screen with the mind. As the wearer focuses, the activities on the screen progress, but if the wearer loses focus and exhibits signs of distractibility, the sensors pick up these changes, and the actions either cease or have negative results.
The activities in the Play Attention program involve a progressively challenging behavioral shaping plan, with each phase contributing to the overall goal of increasing focus and, thus, the ability to succeed in both school and work environments."